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How Disaster Shelters Evolved Throughout History

By Jack Wogan

When is comes to natural disasters, everyone knows that they are some of the most powerful phenomenon that occur in the world, leaving behind a trail of human lives and financial losses. There is no way to stop them; the only thing we can do is be prepared, by building shelters and investing in calamity-predicting technology.

Disaster shelters are structures or buildings that can support human and animal life during or after a disaster. Building them has been a particularly important issue for mankind ever since the prehistoric era. Back then, people built their refuges in caves or pits, covering them with stone, wood or animal skins. They weren’t very effective, but there was no other choice.

During World War II and the Cold War, nuclear war rumors and threats started to appear. Because of this, country leaders from all over the world started encouraging the population to build underground bunkers or shelters and stock them with supplies so they could be ready to use for cover at any time.

Afterwards, as peace settled in, architects concentrated their attention on developing habitats that could stand against the most powerful of natural hazards: hurricanes, tsunamis or earthquakes. The American inventor Buckminster Fuller projected the geodesic dome, an innovative type of building that is still used today. It can hold up to powerful winds and water and only takes one day to build out of metal and plywood pieces.

Today, shelters can be built out of concrete, sand bags, barbed wire, even mud, depending on the available materials, the climate in which they will be deployed and their intended use. Some of them have been known to last up to a year an a half and can house various numbers of people.

Most recently, specialists have started building more high-tech, almost fashionable refuges that people can set up on their lands. These ones are made out of more expensive materials, like stainless steel or Plexiglas and can even be hooked up to water and electricity.

To buy disaster relief shelters on a discount, visit Hughes Shelter Systems.

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Article Citation
MLA Style Citation:
Wogan, Jack "How Disaster Shelters Evolved Throughout History." How Disaster Shelters Evolved Throughout History. 25 Jul. 2010. 30 Dec 2014 <>.

APA Style Citation:
Wogan, J (2010, July 25). How Disaster Shelters Evolved Throughout History. Retrieved December 30, 2014, from

Chicago Style Citation:
Wogan, Jack "How Disaster Shelters Evolved Throughout History"

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