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Diet For Kidney Disease Patients – What Are Kidney Stones?

By Gerald Halk

Kidney stones are solid stone-like substance that forms in the kidneys. They may not trouble you as long as they are settled in one or both the kidneys. It’s only when a kidney stone moves out of the kidney and makes its way into the ureter (the tube that comes with urine) on its way to the bladder that the pain starts. The pain could be from mild to severe depending on the size and shape of the kidney stone. The stone can obstruct the flow of urine, and may cause bleeding as well.

Kinds of Kidney Stones

Calcium Stones: These are the most commonly occurring kidney stones. These stones consist of calcium and oxalate, which are introduced to the body through the food we eat. Too much consumption of calcium and oxalate can help form calcium stones. Besides, too much vitamin D consumption, and hyperactive parathyroid glands can also trigger kidney stones.

Struvite Stones: These stones are not really typical and are discovered mostly in women. The bacteria that cause urinary tract infection are the cause for the production of ammonia. Struvite stones, also known as infection stones, are formed when there is too much ammonia in the urine.

Uric Acid Stones: People who consume meat products in excess run the risk of forming uric acid stones, as meat ingestion results in production of uric acid, a by-product of protein metabolism.

Cystine Stones: These are the least typical of all stones and are made from cystine, an amino acid. Cystinuria, a hereditary disorder, is responsible for the development of cystine stones.

Avoiding the Formation of Kidney Stones

o The most efficient preventive measure is drinking a lot of fluids, especially water. Two to three liters of water per day is enough to flush your kidneys completely of contaminants.

o Learn the kind of stones that are formed in the kidneys and the cause of formation, as well. You could modify your eating habits appropriately and adjust the intake of particular kinds of salts and minerals that help in the formation of kidney stones.

o You could talk about the matter with your physician, who may suggest you to lower your calcium intake. Foods which are rich in calcium are milk and milk products, and leafy vegetables.

o If your kidneys have uric acid stones, then minimizing your meat, poultry and fish intake will surely help. Your doctor might also prescribe medication to manage the uric acid level in the urine.

o People, who get struvite stones, could be given antibiotics to assist remove bacterial infection.

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Article Citation
MLA Style Citation:
Halk, Gerald "Diet For Kidney Disease Patients – What Are Kidney Stones?." Diet For Kidney Disease Patients – What Are Kidney Stones?. 25 Jul. 2010. 17 Sep 2014 <>.

APA Style Citation:
Halk, G (2010, July 25). Diet For Kidney Disease Patients – What Are Kidney Stones?. Retrieved September 17, 2014, from

Chicago Style Citation:
Halk, Gerald "Diet For Kidney Disease Patients – What Are Kidney Stones?"

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