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All About What Is Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome(PCOS)

By Chandrasekaran Rajamani

Poly cystic ovarian syndrome affects about 10 percent of child bearing women world wide. The other names for this ailment are Poly cystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD), Sclero cystic Ovarian Disease and Stein-Leventhal Syndrome. It affects women in various ways. This disorder causes disturbances in the menstrual cycle. It affects the ability of women to have children. It also causes excess production of male hormones causing extra hair growth on face and other parts of the body like males and also suffer from sudden outbreak of acne and weight gain.

There are two ovaries situated on either side of uterus. A woman’s ovaries store the eggs in small fluid filled sacs called follicles or cysts. The ovaries play a crucial role in the female reproductive system by producing eggs

Every month about 20 eggs stored in the cysts start to mature, but usually only one egg reaches full maturity. This single mature egg is released and it travels through the fallopian tube for fertilization.Ovulation occurs when the egg is released from it’s fluid filled follicles called sacs or cysts.

Multiple cysts looking like a string of pearls,is the typical sign of poly cystic ovarian syndrome affecting about ten percent of women in the reproductive age group. Generally these cysts are small in size and harmless or non cancerous. These cysts are fluid-filled sacs containing immature eggs that attach to the ovaries and cause no harm or discomfort and usually disappear on their own.

Most women do not even know that they have poly cystic ovarian syndrome. But some of these cysts cause pain and discomfort. Large sized cysts may press against the bladder or rectum causing urination or bowel movement problems. These cysts are also known to cause menstrual irregularities in women. Sometimes these cysts cause pain during intercourse,nausea and fever.

The exact causes of this disorder are not known.Many factors are thought to cause this disease. Heredity may be a factor here because a woman is likely have poly cystic ovarian syndrome if there is family history. Insulin resistance also thought to be a factor for this disorder.

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Article Citation
MLA Style Citation:
Rajamani, Chandrasekaran "All About What Is Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome(PCOS)." All About What Is Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome(PCOS). 26 Mar. 2010. 10 Sep 2014 <>.

APA Style Citation:
Rajamani, C (2010, March 26). All About What Is Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome(PCOS). Retrieved September 10, 2014, from

Chicago Style Citation:
Rajamani, Chandrasekaran "All About What Is Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome(PCOS)"

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