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Alexander The Great: Legacy Of A Conqueror

By Theresa Norman

This is a biography that traces the magnificent and brilliant life of Alexander the Great. Winthrop Lindsay Adams follows the life of Alexander the Great all the way from Eurasia as he made an impact to the entire world through his ideas and works. Adams recounts that Alexander was born in 356BC in Pella. He was known to have built the largest empire in the history of mankind. The book recounts how Alexander went through the Greek education system with Aristotle being his tutor. It is believed that Aristotle contributed a lot towards the ideas and knowledge of Alexander. It is the father of Alexander Philip who sought the services of Aristotle to teach his son and he was later to be rewarded with the reconstruction of the destroyed hometown. Many of the children who schooled with Alexander later became his friends and future generals that facilitated conquests of other empires. Alexander and the other children learned a lot from Aristotle. The subjects that they were taught included philosophy, religion, ethics, morals, medicine and art. These subjects contributed a lot towards the lasting legacy of Alexander in the world. Alexander was very much interested in the works of Homer after gaining knowledge from Aristotle and as a result of the desire; Alexander was given an annotated copy that was later to be utilized in his campaigns. The book mentions that a good proportion of his early life was dominated by the teachings of Aristotle.(Adams,2005)
The services of Aristotle in educating Alexander came to a halt at age 16. It is during this time that the book mentions that Alexander was left in charge of the empire as he father went top pursue conquests. It has been indicated in the book that at age 16 , Alexander was fully in charge of Macedonia. His authority was exercised when one of the empires revolted against the rule of Philip in Macedonia. The book recounts how the young man managed to thwart the revolt and kept the empire stable in the absence of his father. This was an indicator of developing leadership skills that would later influence the whole world. When his father returned from his leadership trips, he assigned Alexander to some leadership assignments that included suppressing of revolts. In one of the revolts, it has been mentioned in the biography that Alexander saved his fathers life.
When Philip decided to marry another woman, Alexander had to flee from Macedonia but he later came back to re unite with his father until when he was assassinated by one of the nobles. There were also other relatives of Alexander that were also assassinated.
From the death of his father, Alexander took leadership of his father’s empires and he ordered the deaths of some of the people that were considered to be traitors or rivals and a threat to his empire. The news of Philips death reached other states and it sparked revolts from states such as Athens and Thebes. Because of his form of leadership, the revolts for the states were controlled and they were never a cause of trouble anymore. Adams notes that the killing of possible threats to his kingship was meant to secure his rule in the kingdom after being approved by the army.
After taking over the leadership, it was not very easy for Alexander to have complete control over the Corinthian league. There were some groups that rejoiced with the assassination of Philip because of their own interests in Macedonia. In the entire region of Greece there were movements that sprung up in demand for independence. Alexander had to focus on suppressing these movements which were becoming a major threat towards his authority in the empire. The league of Corinthians later affirmed the rule of Alexander and they provided unlimited military power to Alexander to enable him to conquer other states. The first target on the list was Persia.
The expedition to Asia by Alexander started in 335 BCE. In the first attack against the Persian military army, Alexander’s army defeated the Persian army even though he was weak in terms of resources. Adams mentions that the territories that were conquered in this expedition later became his Asian empires.
Alexander continued with his conquests in the west. When he reached Asia Minor ,he qualified to become the Asian ruler by managing to cut the Gordian knot. His power and strength was already being felt with such achievements. Some people believed that Alexander had divine powers and hence he was going o become the king of Asia. As he moved further to the east, Alexander and Darius met in fierce battles that even so Alexander outnumbered. Fortunately, Alexander used military tactics that made him to defeat his opponent. He later came to defeat the army of Darius. With the fleeing of Darius, Alexander attacked the royal camp and managed to get jewelry and other valuables. Funny enough, he treated the family of Darius with a lot of respect. This is quite a rare characteristic of military leaders. He later declared himself as the new leader of Asia.Darius attempted to entice Alexander into a treaty because of his family members. Alexander refused the proposals because he had strategic interests in Asia that would not have been achieved in the presence of Darius. (Stoneman, 2004)

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Article Citation
MLA Style Citation:
Norman, Theresa "Alexander The Great: Legacy Of A Conqueror." Alexander The Great: Legacy Of A Conqueror. 26 Jun. 2010. 1 Mar 2016 <>.

APA Style Citation:
Norman, T (2010, June 26). Alexander The Great: Legacy Of A Conqueror. Retrieved March 1, 2016, from

Chicago Style Citation:
Norman, Theresa "Alexander The Great: Legacy Of A Conqueror"

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