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Some Of The Options When Choosing Texas Show Steers

By Virginia French

Texas show steers vary in their breeding. It is important that the animal match the characteristics of the class in which it is entered. There are three main types which are catered for. These are the British breed, American type and Continental type.

The British breeds include the Hereford both horned and polled, Angus and Red Angus, and Shorthorn. The Shorthorn is one of Britain’s native breeds. It has had a huge impact on the breed industry not just in its native country but throughout the world. The breed had its origins in the fertile river valleys between Durham and York counties in the north of England. These superior cattle were often found in roan or pied colors. During the mid to late 1700s local breeders began selecting for early maturing and early fattening qualities.

The Shorthorn was a good all-purpose breed but later developments resulted in the breed splitting into the Dairy Shorthorn and the Beef Shorthorn. Today around 60% of beef shorthorns are polled and the majority are roan, although they may also be red, white or a mix of both colors. They are compact, low-set animals with a rectangular shape. They are docile by nature and ideal for training as show steers.

The Brahman is one of the American breeds. Its bloodlines have been used in the development of many other breeds such as the Brangus, Braford, Droughtmaster, Santa Gertrudis and Bramousin. It is a Bos indicus breed, well adapted to coping with high temperatures and high humidity. Milk production and appetite are barely affected by excessive temperatures.

It has black skin and a short, thick glossy coat. This helps deflect the sun’s rays. The loose skin means there is a greater surface area for the dissipation of heat. They sweat freely. Brahmans can become quite affectionate. With sensitive handling, they are docile and quiet. The calves weigh only 60 to 65 pounds at birth but by weaning they will weigh as much as other breeds.

Brahman type steers may be any color. They must have a prominent hump which begins in the middle of the shoulder. The ears must be long and drooping as this is one of the main differences between Bos indicus and Bos taurus type cattle. The sheath should be slightly pendulous.

One of the Continental breeds is the Limousin. These cattle evolved on the poor, rocky soil of central and south west France. The climate and land in this area were not suited to cropping. The cattle were isolated from outside influences. They remain economical to keep and are tough and hardy. Deep chests and meaty hindquarters resulted in them being called the ‘butcher’s animal’ in France. They are docile, calm animals.

The purebred Limousin is a lovely golden-red with lighter wheaten colored underparts. The horns grow straight out from the head before curving forward and up. Qualities which would discriminate against animals in a Limousin type class would include stockinged legs, a pointed poll, pencil sheath and brindle or roan coloring. Texas show steers should be chosen with a particular class in mind. You can then ensure that the animal has the required characteristics.

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Article Citation
MLA Style Citation:
French, Virginia "Some Of The Options When Choosing Texas Show Steers." Some Of The Options When Choosing Texas Show Steers. 18 Oct. 2012. 23 Jan 2018 <>.

APA Style Citation:
French, V (2012, October 18). Some Of The Options When Choosing Texas Show Steers. Retrieved January 23, 2018, from

Chicago Style Citation:
French, Virginia "Some Of The Options When Choosing Texas Show Steers"

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