Romulus and Remus were left for dead by starvation on the banks of the river Tiber, by their own mother. However, as fate would have it, a she-wolf found them and mothered them.
The twins grew up as time went by, so when Mars, the War God, asked them to build a city on the exact spot that they had been found by their wolf mom, they gladly obliged. However, on completion of this task, Romulus and Remus fought over the new city. Remus lost that battle therefore leaving Romulus free to call the city Rome, as it came to be known.
Rome developed and became the powerhouse of the growing Roman Empire. All this was made possible by the occupation of the Italian Peninsula by some northern warriors who settled on the banks of river Tiber in the 8th or 9th centuries.
Being fed his own medicine, King Tarquin lost his rule in a not so shocking way. Being touted as a cruel and proud king, he was overthrown by his own people. It is after this that Rome became a republic for some centuries to follow.
In the future, Rome abandoned rule by Kings and opted for the senate form of rule. This form of authority required that people participate in an election and whoever won became senator. Only the wealthy men were allowed to vote though.
Later on, there was a system of rule introduced whereby a select of generals controlled all the decision making of Rome. Cracks started showing when it was difficult to get all these generals to think and make decisions at the same wavelength. This ushered in a system of emperors. They were the final say in matters of authority, Augustus Caesar being the first one.
As Rome grew closer to the Middle Ages, the Empire started to fade. This can be attributed to the growth of Christianity, which is still evident to date with Rome being the center where the pope operates.
Even thought the Roman Empire had seen the best of its days behind it, there were still many positives to think about. There was a resurgence, which saw Rome maintain a status of the political capital of Europe. Even the structures built up are still attractive.
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Telder, Jovanni "A Short Summary On The History Of Rome." A Short Summary On The History Of Rome. 2 Jul. 2010. uberarticles.com. 4 Aug 2014 <http://uberarticles.com/reference-and-education/a-short-summary-on-the-history-of-rome/>.
APA Style Citation:
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